Issue 9, May 2009
Women participate in the paid economy by doing both formal and informal paid work.
Formal Paid Work
The formal employment sector comprises hourly and salaried workers by whom taxes are paid, and therefore whose statistics can be tracked through known channels (government and industry agencies). Official employment statistics from the International Labor Organization (2003) presented below are presumed to underestimate the extent to which women participate in the paid economy because different countries capture formal and informal employment differently:
Two critical issues that women face in the formal labor sector are employment segregation and the wage gap.
Informal Paid Work
Women are overrepresented in the informal employment sector.